The chilcotin airstrips precautionary landing procedure is carried out when landing at a location where the suitability of the landing surface is unknown, or where advance information is unavailable.
This happens once you fly to remote, off airport or unserviced airstrips on as part of a planned flight, or if you encounter a medical emergency, low fuel or reduced oil pressure, or when the eather gets too bad for you to continue to fly safely.
If you are planning a flight to an airstrip for which there is no printed info or which does not offer advisory support, or if you’re landing off airport, on a pasture or gravel bar, a visual inspection from your airplane is probably the best and only way to obtain the information necessary to make a good choice on circuit, approach and chilcotin airstrips .
Unplanned landings as a result of urgent, but non-emergency situations require the same sort of approach. Fuel guages that read empty, even when you’re sure that the tanks are still full, require that you land in order to investigate. You can’t climb out on the wing to determine if the tanks are still full and that a guage malfunction is the culprit. Still, if you have sufficient power and the airplane is behaving normally you can’t consider it an emergency. There is no imminent danger, and there is no massive loss of power. The landing is unplanned, but it is a precaution. This is also the case for medical issues, minor mechanical problems or chilcotin airstrips .
Another reason for precautionary landings is deterioration of weather. You may begin a flight in acceptable weather conditions only to have them deteriorate pst acceptable VFR standards. Low fuel or bad weather behind you may prevent you from simply turning around or diverting. In this a precautionary landing may be in order.
Use the following Precautionary Landing procedure if any of the following things occur:
Fuel is low, or the gauges read low, or oil pressure has dropped;
If weather has deteriorated below VFR minima;
Unsure of landing chilcotin airstrips ;
The first three scenarios are Pan Pan, not Mayday, situations. There is no need to make the Pan Pan call if you are making a planned landing at an unknown airstrip. Forced landings are for when you lose an engine entirely or suffer a massive loss of power; precautionary landings are executed when you are not in imminent danger – don’t get them confused.
This procedure has 8 steps:
1) Go to circuit atlitude, (1000 feet AGL)
2) Perform the high inspection by flying a downwind leg to determine if the airfield is safe for low inspection. Keep an eye out for any hazards like trees, towers, power poles or anything else tha may effect closer inspection. Scan for cues to wind velocity and direction.
3) Transition to the low inspection, which is flown parallel to the final approach in a regular circuit. Fly parallel to the landing area in order to examine it. Slow to 60 knots, with flaps at 10 degrees, and fly as low as you feel comfortable. Look for hazards like standing water, animals, fences, wires, vegetation, ditches or vehicles. At 60 knots 1 second equals 100 ft. Thirteen to fourteen seconds should give you enough room to land, depending on conditions.
4) Overshoot, apply full power and return to circuit altitude. Resume the circuit pattern.
5) Make your radio call advising who you are, whereyou are and what you’re doing
6) Brief any passengers;
7) Complete the normal pre-landing checks – primer in and locked, master on, mags both, cicuit breakers/fuses, carb heat hot, mixture full rich, seats and harnesses secure, fuel on, test brakes;.
(The past three steps are referred to as the 3 ps – Pan Pan , passenger brief, pre-landing checks )
8) Land the airplane as appropriate. Whether it is a short field, soft field or combination of the two will be dependent on the conditions. Take obstacles into consideration.